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Today In Indian History - Historical Events of India

DateEvent Name
1/26/1876 Railway route started between Mumbai and Calcutta.
1/26/1882 Telephone line started working between Mumbai and Calcutta.
1/26/1893 Srijiva Nyayatirtha Bhattacharya, famous writer and educationist, was born Bhatpara, West Bengal.
1/26/1915 Rani Gaidinliu, freedom fighter, social reformer and political leader, was born at Nungkao village, Manipur State.
1/26/1919 Mohammad Cazzambhoy Ibrahim Khan, cricketer (batted in 4 Tests India vs West Indies 1948-49), was born in Bombay.
1/26/1926 V. G. Kanitkar, famous Marathi literatteur, was born.
1/26/1927 Laxman Madhav Katre, former Indian Air Chief Marshall, was born.
1/26/1929 Indian National Congress proclaims goal for India's independence.
1/26/1930 Mahatma Gandhi started the Dandi march to protest against the Salt Act of the British and the same day Indians swore to get 'Total' Swaraj and organised the day as Swaraj Day.
1/26/1931 Gandhiji was unconditionally released from prison.
1/26/1950 India became a Republic within the British Commonwealth and the Indian Air Force dropped its ""Royal"" prefix. At this time, it possessed six fighter squadrons of Spitfires, Vampires and Tempests, operating from Kanpur, Poona, Ambala and Palam, one B-24 bomber squadron, one C-47 Dakota transport squadron, one AOP flight, a communications squadron at Palam and a growing training organisation.
1/26/1950 India is proclaimed a Sovereign Democratic Republic ceasing to be a British dominion and adopted Indian Constitution which came into force.
1/26/1950 Dr. Rajendra Prasad (1884-1963) became the first President of India. He remained President from Jan. 26,1950 to May 13, 1962.
1/26/1950 Government of India accepted the National Emblem. It consisted of Head of Lion which is taken from Ashok piller situated near Sarnath.
1/26/1950 The new Indian awards known as Param Vir Chakra, Maha Vir Chakra and Vir Chakra, were finally selected in June 1948 and annouced on the first Republic Day. Param Vir Chakra to the Victoria Cross, the Maha Vir Chakra to the Indian Order of Merit and the Vir Chakra is equivalent to the Military Cross. The Ashoka Chakra series, meant for gallantry other than in the face of the enemy, was probably meant to replace the George Cross, Albert Medal and George Medal.
1/26/1957 India annexes Kashmir, Constitution for incorporation with India goes into effect.
1/26/1957 Ashok Omprakash Malhotra, cricketer (Indian batsman in 7 Tests 1982-84), was born in Amritsar.
1/26/1957 Shivlal Nandlal Yadav, cricketer (Indian off-spinner 102 Test wickets 1979-87), was born in Hyderabad.
1/26/1960 More medals for armed forces were instituted including the Vishisht Seva Medal (in the classes), Sainya Seva Medal, Videsh Seva Medal and Sena, Nao Sena and Vayu Sena Medals.
1/26/1961 Special stamps dedicated to Mahatma Gandhi in the Champion of Liberty series issued by the United States postal department.
1/26/1965 Hindi Language is accepted as National language of India.
1/26/1972 Amar Jawan, a national memorial, established at India Gate, New Dehli.
1/26/1981 Vayudoot air service started with a flight of a F27, from Guwahati airport. This is the third Indian airline inaugurated.
1/26/1981 Sandeep Patil scores memorable 174 vs Australia at Adelaide Oval.
1/26/1982 Meera Behn (Medlin Slade) freedom fighter, and Gandhin by thought awarded 'Padma Vibhushan'.
1/26/1988 A Post Office was established at Dakshin Gangotri under the Goa Postal Division. (11-7-89).
1/26/1992 BJP President Dr. Murali Manohar Joshi hoists the national flag at the heavily-guarded Lal Chowk in Srinagar.
1/26/1992 Bharat Bhushan, the legendary romantic film hero of the 1950's, passed away at the age of 71 years.
1/26/1993 Sub Lt. Rubi Singh of the Navy becomes the first woman in India to lead an armed force contingent in the Republic Day parade at New Delhi; British PM John Major attends as the first ever British head of Government as Chief Guest.
1/26/1995 Dr. Nelson Mandela attends India's 46th Republic Day celebration as national guest.
1/26/1995 Three powerful bombs rip through a celebration at a sports stadium in Kashmir as the State Governor addresses the crowd;7 people killed and 47 injured.
1/26/1996 47th Republic Day celebrated;Chief Guest was Fernando Henrique Cardoso, President of Brazil.
1/26/1997 Delhi becomes the first state in India to enforce a ban on smoking in all public places.
1/26/1997 Government prohibits manual scavenging and construction of dry latrines in six states (AP, Goa, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Tripura, West Bengal) and all UTs.
1/26/1997 Mizoram becomes a dry state, the fourth, after Gujarat, AP and Haryana.
1/26/1999 21 dalits are gunned down by the Ranbit Sena in Jahanabad district in Bihar.
1/26/2000 Mr. K. Vadivel Raj gets the 1999 Kabir Puraskar for rescuing 11 persons of another community during caste violence in September 1998 in a village in Tamil Nadu.
1/26/2001 Bharat Ratna, India's highest award, was given to Lata Mangeshkar.
1/26/2001 Bharat Ratna, India's highest award, was given to Ustad Bismillah Khan.


Other Historical Dates and Events
7/1/1947Sharad NandKishore Yadav was born in Babai, Distt. Hoshangabad (Madhya Pradesh).
5/17/1998US President Bill Clinton wants India and Pakistan to sign CTBT.
2/22/1958Maulana Abul Kalam Azad passed away in New Delhi, India. He was a great leader, great orator, revolutionary and fighter for national freedom. Some of his works which are the masterpieces of the Urdu language are ""Ghubari-Khatir"" and Tadhkirah"". He was Minister of Education in the first Indian Government.
5/9/1996J. Jayalalitha, Tamil Nadu CM, resigns.
1/9/1922Har Gobind Khurana, scientist of Biology, was born in India. He did his M.Sc from University of Punjab and, for higher education went to University of Liverpool. In 1959, he produced a chemical called ""Coenzymea"", which is essential for certain processes in the human body. He was awarded Nobel Prize for medicine in 1968 along with Marshall W. Nirenberg and Robert W. Halley.
4/29/1957The National Civil Defence College was founded at Nagpur as the Central Emergency Relief Training Institute (CERTI). It functions as the training wing of the Emergency Relief Organisation of the Government of India.
6/22/198219 persons were killed and 25 injured when an Air India Boeing 707 from Singapore via Madras crashed at Bombay.
12/29/1983Gavaskar makes the highest Test Cricket score by an Indian, 236* vs West Indies.
4/27/1920Dr. Manibhai Desai, great Gandhian leader and Magssese Awardee, was born.
5/3/1959Sadhvi Uma GulabSingh Bharti was born in Dunda, Distt. Tikamgarh (Madhya Pradesh).